Gogabill Lake

Gogabil lake of Katihar district is one of the largest wetlands of Bihar. Area of the lake is about 217 acres and its extent is 5 km by 1 km. In the past, the lake was directly linked to the Ganga and Mahananda. During the peak rainy season and floods, the lake communicates to these rivers through channels and tributaries.
The place is a virgin area suitable to serve as sanctuary for many varieties of terrestrial and aquatic animals, birds and plants. The rich flora and fauna of the area has an enormous potential to develop as a national park and tourism center.
Nearly 130 migratory birds come to the lake and its vicinity during monsoon and winter from the Caspian Sea and Siberian region. To preserve and protect them, Gogbil lake area should be declared and maintained as a closed and protected area.

About Gogabill Lake

Geography of Gogabil Lake
Gogabil is Bihar’s 15th Protected Area and also state’s first Community Reserve. The State Board for Wildlife, under the provision of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, amended in 2002, incorporated Gogabil as Conservation Reserve and Community Reserve on 2 August, 2019. Gogabil, Bagharbeel and Baldia chaur are important wetlands enlisted in the Important Bird Areas (IBA) of Asia.
It is a prototype of oxbow lake of about 1 to 5 km dimension with ample water content round the year. The waterbody and land area of Gogabil encompass 217 acres area of which 73.78 acres belong to the government while the rest is owned by the local community of Amdabad and Manihari blocks of Katihar district. The area is heavily flooded during monsoons every year with rains and spill over from Kankhar, Mahananda and Ganga rivers. The lake is rich in aquatic flora and fauna providing abundant food attracting migratory birds in the winters. The lake provides a habitat for about 130 species of birds of which about 30 are migratory. Globally, there are 13 bird ways of which 2, namely, Central Asian and South Asian bird ways traverse Bihar.

Waterbirds which have been visualized recently in the month of January 2021 by the environmentalists and bird viewers of Janlakshya are as follows:

Pond heron Indian cormorant Great cormorant Little cormorant
Cattle egret Great egret Intermediate egret Little egret
Northern lapwing Gray headed lapwing Red wattled lapwing Black winged stilt
Little stint Little grebe Great crested grebe Gray headed swamphen
Pheasant tailed jacana Bronze winged jacana White breasted waterhen Asian openbill
Lesser adjutant Black headed ibis Red naped ibis Common kingfisher
White throated kingfisher Pied kingfisher Osprey Oriental darter
Wood sandpiper Red crested pochard Ferruginous duck Northern pintail
Eurasian wigeon Gadwall Common pochard Grey lag goose
Eurasian coot Green winged teal Cotton pigmy goose Northern shoveler
Lesser whistling duck Grey heron Purple heron Yellow bittern
Knob billed duck Glossy ibis

Major threats to Gogabil:

Over the decades, waterbody of the lake have shruncken due to accumulation of silt following every flood Intensive agricultural practices including the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides pose threat of water pollution affecting phyto and zooplanktons of the lake and its possible accumulation to toxic levels in the birds

Sound pollution is disturbing the bird habitat due to use of tractors, vehicles, pump sets and loudspeakers during ceremonies and festivals Water pollution due to plastics, polythenes, thermocol, metals, detergents, kerosene, mobil and other bio non degradable products due to human activities of different types:

  • Fishing
  • Poaching

Human establishments and activities hampering the tranquillity of the area and construction projects like power grid, transmission lines, towers, multilane roads

  • North – Kaccha from Kumaripur to Roshna .
  • South – REO Road from Amdabad Mahananda Embankment .
  • West - PWD road from Manihari to Kumaripur.

Birds of Gogabil Lake

Platales leucorodes Anser anser
Anser indicum Anus acuta
Anus poecilorhyancha Anus creca
Anus strepera Anus guarguedule
Gallinago stronura Gallinago gallinago
Gallinago minime Netta rufina
Fulica arta Pulvialis apricaria
Circus aeruginous Podiceps rufficollis

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